Emotional History Task 1



INTRO SCRIPT: Driving in the New South Wales National Park is tricky even at the best of times. A snap decision put things into perspective for Rachel who learnt the true risks of being an inexperienced driver in bad weather.

IN: “When it was…”

OUT: “…there at all.”

DUR: 2.00

MUSIC: Maxence Cyrin – “Where Is My Mind”


My emotional history audio piece tells the story of when my friend crashed her car driving down to the National Park during bad weather. It was her first major car accident and it occurred fairly recently so I knew the emotions she felt towards the event were very raw and strong. As mentioned in the lecture, it is important to find a talent who has passion and can convey their emotions very well (McHugh, 2016). My friend spoke very clearly and the audio I recorded was of a high quality as we were able to record in an empty room with the door closed.

By conducting an interview in the form of a narrative, whereby you have your subject tell their story “beat-by-beat” you automatically create narrative tension as listeners want to find out what happens next (Ira Glass, 2016). When conducting the interview, I gave my friend a list of questions to go off but encouraged her to give long answers and tell the story as naturally as possible. As a result, I ended up with a complete story with a beginning, rising action, climax, ending and reflection. While my friend gave me a lot of content to work with, her sentences often ended with a high rising terminal (Collins English Dictionary, 2014). Unfortunately this was something I didn’t notice until I was editing which made it had for her narration to flow. For future reference, I would be cautious to listen out for such vocal “ticks” and would try to get my talent to adjust their voice, in order to make editing easier.

Because there is such a specific and clear story to my emotional history, I felt as though there were many ambient noises I could use. Due to the story particularly focusing on the bad weather, I found a windscreen wiper sound effect. When played with the other audio, the effect sounded muffled and unrecognisable. I decided to not use the windscreen wiper sound as I felt it would be detrimental to the overall ambience of the piece. I chose to use a storm sound effect instead which consisted of cracks of thunder and a mix of light and heavy rain. This audio helped to set the scene of the story, as I wanted listeners to feel as though they were in the car with my friend as she was explaining the weather conditions and crash.

“[Music] sets mood, adds pace, underlines a statement and allows your material to breathe” (McHugh, 2016). My emotional history is a story about fear, regret and danger. I wanted the music I used to reflect these emotions without being too dramatic or cliché. The music I have used is a slow piano instrumental piece. It is predominantly in a low key with singular high notes. Having the music quite low in the background helped the overall flow of the piece and then by increasing the volume in peaks, these high sections were perfect for framing important details of the narrative.

By adding effects such as fade ins and outs to a combination of music and ambient sounds, the piece is transformed from an interview to an emotional experience. I hope when listening to my emotional history, listeners can empathise with the feeling of fear when being in your first car accident, as well as the different stages of emotion in the aftermath of the crash.


Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014, “High rising terminal”, viewed 29 August 2016, http://www.thefreedictionary.com/High+rising+terminal

Cryin, M 2010, Where Is My Mind, song, iTunes, viewed 27 August 2016, https://itunes.apple.com/au/artist/maxence-cyrin/id117052677

Free Stock Photos of Australian 2010, Mount Oberon Road, View from the road up to Mount Oberon, Wilsons Promontory National Park, Free Aussie Stock, viewed 27 August 2016, http://freeaussiestock.com/free/Victoria/Wilsons%20Promontory/slides/mount_oberon_road.htm

Glass, I 2016, Ira Glass on Journalism, Podcast, 11 August, Sydney Opera House Talks and Ideas, viewed 29 August 2016, https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/sydney-opera-house-talks-ideas/id640445035?mt=2

McHugh, S 2016, Lecture, Week 2, “Power of Sound Pt. 1: Thinking through your ears”, 1 August 2016.

McHugh, S 2016, Lecture, Week 5, “Layering Sound: The art of the mix”, 22 August 2016.




Introduces name *Muffled


Explaining accident ***Clear and detailed



  • Telling her parents
  • Getting the car out
  • Parents reaction
**Clear but movement in background


“No…I’ve been in minor accidents…but this was the first time I’ve had a major crash” ***


How she felt when the accident was happening

“..I just had like a fight or flight moment”

** Clear but ends sentences on high rising terminals


Weather condition description

“..the rain was kind of like going sideways it was so heavy”



Tips for future drivers

“…being a p plater…I thought I was invincible”

** Clear but ends sentences on high rising terminals
7.25 Ambient noise of room

#FreeTheNipple Pt 2

In an almost surprising set of circumstances, the #FreeTheNipple campaign is extremely active on Instagram, even though Instagram’s terms of conditions state the female nipple is banned and any images containing a female nipple will be removed if posted. #FreeTheNipple has used this to their advantage making a very important statement about gender inequality. Supporters have been posting images with a male nipple photo-shopped on top of a female nipple to make them “acceptable”, emphasising the ridiculousness of the ban and the unnecessary sexualisation of the female nipple.

Screen Shot 2016-08-23 at 2.50.27 PM

Due to the widespread response #FreeTheNipple has gained across social media, support has spread across the world. At the beginning of 2016, a Facebook event was created by two young women organising a picnic in Brisbane for anyone who identifies as a woman to celebrate the #Freethenipple movement. While many went topless at the picnic, it was not enforced, but rather focused on the support of gender equality and the movement. While the Facebook event gained quite a lot of attention with over three thousand people interested and 800 RSVP’s, only 50 women actually attended the event. This is one of the main issues associated with “hashtag” movements.

The utilisation of social media as an activism tool is a result of the digital age we are living in. It cannot be denied that hashtags are an effective way of gaining mass attention very quickly. However, it can often be seen in past movements that ‘slacktivism’ occurs, whereby people are supporting a cause online with no effort or involvement truly put in. As a result, a cause gains attention but little is actually done to solve or aid the issue. Journalist Malcolm Gladwell stated, “Social media is build around weak ties…where activists were once defined by their causes, they are now defined by their tools” (Gladwell, 2010).

Similarly, the #FreeTheNipple movement has received negative criticism for their supposed biased representation of the female body. Many were quick to point out that the faces (and bodies) of the movement seemed to conform to traditional standards of beauty, aka women who are skinny and pretty.

In fairness, the movement clearly states its support for equality for all women, however its website fails to visually support these ideologies. In an article exploring the exclusivity of the movement, Georgina Jones stated, “ I’m sure that these women would have welcomed anyone with breasts in any shape to join them. But the unconscious ignorance of diversity is one that we cannot allow within any feminist movement in 2015. Feminism without intersectionality is pointless; freeing nipples and only representing nipples that adhere to patriarchal standards of beauty is pointless” (Jones, 2015).

Although these critics make a valid point, the most important thing is to remember is the main reason for #FreeTheNipple. While women have come a long way, gender inequality still exists and as a society we should not be okay with this. Like anything, #FreeTheNipple has issues and room for improvement but it ultimately encourages an equal world and that should be everyone’s focus.


Jones, Georgina 2015, Free The Nipple And Its Relationship To Standards Of Beauty: Exploring Exclusivity In The Mammary Movement, Bustle, Weblog post, viewed 23 August 2016, http://www.bustle.com/articles/60103-free-the-nipple-and-its-relationship-to-standards-of-beauty-exploring-exclusivity-in-the-mammary-movement

Mitchell-Whittington, Amy 2016, ‘Brisbane ‘free the nipple’ picnic a quiet affair’, Brisbane Times, 17 January, viewed 23 August 2016, http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/brisbane-free-the-nipple-picnic-a-quiet-affair-20160117-gm7sxs.html

Gladwell, Malcolm 2014, ‘Small Change’, The New Yorker, 4 October, viewed 1 October 2014, http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/10/04/small-change-malcolm-gladwell

#FreeTheNipple Pt 1

While we are being shown acts of terrorism and violence on a daily basis in our media, the content that is considered “too scandalous” to show is women’s nipples. Not men’s, just women’s. Even though the biological function of the female nipple is to feed children, our society has sexualised the female body to a point where women are made to feel inappropriate in their own skin. Nevertheless, there are many who are openly and successfully fighting this injustice.

The #Freethenipple campaign is a movement to change the laws that make it illegal for women to show their nipple in public. The movement began in 2012, when filmmaker Lina Esco created the film, “Free the Nipple”, targeting sexist public nudity laws. The film gained mass attention and continued to grow with thousands of supporters all over the world. The main focus of the film is the “hypocritical contradictions in our media-dominated society wherein acts of baroque violence, killing, brutalisation and death are infinitely more tolerated by the FCC [The Federal Communications Commission] and the MPAA [The Motion Picture’s Association of America] who regulate all films and TV shows in the US” (Esco, 2013).

It is currently illegal for a woman to be publicly topless in 37 of the 50 US states. In 5 of these states, a woman can even be sentenced to jail time for publicly breastfeeding. #Freethenipple is a fight for equality against this censorship. While the campaign utilises social media to gain recognition and support through the hashtag, the discrimination for women to represent their natural selves is worsened by the media, which sexualises women to a point where their bodies are now seen as distasteful and offensive. For example, a man’s nipple can be posted on Instagram, no matter how inappropriate the photo is with no complications. On the other hand, a woman who has had a single mastectomy must censor her other nipple otherwise Instagram will remove the image for being “inappropriate”. The point of the #Freethenipple campaign is not to make all women walk around topless but to wear a top if you’d like to, but not because it’s illegal not to (Warnick, 2014).

While gender inequality is still relevant in our society the movement is bringing much needed attention to the issue. In 2014, Facebook removed its ban on images of breastfeeding. This however doesn’t extend its policies to allow the female nipple in other contexts. Esco wrote in a 2013 Huffington Post essay, “When I started my online campaign, Facebook and Instagram banned the photos of topless women that were taken on location, faster than we could put them up. Why can you show public beheadings from Saudi Arabia on Facebook, but not a [female] nipple? Why can you sell guns on Instagram but yet they will suspend your account for posting the most natural part of a women’s body?” The #Freethenipple campaign is aiming to change the backwards views of our society and while there is still a long way to go it is the first step of many, in making a difference.


IFC Films 2014, Free the Nipple – Official Trailer I HD I Sundance Selects, online video, 20 November, YouTube, viewed 13 April 2015, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eX8czRjkaBI&gt;.

Esco, Lina 2013, Why I Made a Film Called Free the Nipple and Why I’m Being Censored in America, The Huffington Post, Weblog post, viewed 9 August 2016, <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/lina-esco/free-the-nipple_b_4415859.html&gt;.

Warnick, Aaron 2014, Social Equality Movement Brought About By “Free The Nipple”, The Duquesne Duke, Weblog post, 27 January, viewed 9 August 2016, <http://www.duqsm.com/social-equality-movement-brought-about-by-free-the-nipple/&gt;.

Zeilinger, Julie 2015, Here’s What The Free The Nipple Movement Has Really Accomplished, Identifies Mic, Weblog post, 21 August, viewed 9 August 2016, <https://mic.com/articles/124146/here-s-what-the-free-the-nipple-movement-has-really-accomplished#.LMmQEDBym&gt;.